What is mesothelioma?
Mesothelioma is a cancer that attacks mesothelioma, a thin layer of tissue that covers most of the internal organs. Some organs with mesothelioma, including the lungs (pleura), stomach (abdomen), heart (pericardium), and testes (vagina), are classified as aggressive.
Symptoms of Mesothelioma
The symptoms of mesothelioma depend on the location of the cancer cells. Pericardial mesothelioma causes chest pain and shortness of breath, while vaginal mesothelioma can show symptoms in the form of swollen testicles.
Mesothelioma usually affects the mesothelium in the lungs (known as pleural mesothelioma). Pleural mesothelioma has the following features:
Cough with excruciating pain.
Shortness of breath due to build-up of fluid in your chest.
Abnormal mass of tissue under the skin of the chest.
Weight loss for no apparent reason.
Causes and Risk Factors for Mesothelioma
Although the exact cause of mesothelioma is unknown, the main risk factor for mesothelioma is asbestos. The disease was relatively rare before asbestos became commercially available. Asbestos is a mineral that is used as a material for brakes, floors, roofs and insulation. Some other risk factors are men over 65 and exposure to asbestos.
In addition to the medical history and symptoms, additional tests such as x-rays and CT scans to examine breast abnormalities are done to help diagnose mesothelioma. A biopsy with a small, fine needle or a laparoscopic or thoracoscopic biopsy is also very helpful for a reliable diagnosis.
Prevention of Mesothelioma
Prevention, especially safety for factory workers, especially the use of masks and routine inspection of the body, especially the lungs.
Treatment of Mesothelioma
Several steps are usually taken to treat mesothelioma, such as chemotherapy and radiation therapy. Cancer, which is at an early stage in the development of cancer, is usually surgically removed, but in some cases the cancer cells are still not completely removed.
When should i go to the doctor?
See a doctor right away if you have risk factors such as exposure to asbestos, shortness of breath, or cough. Depending on where you live, you can make an appointment with a doctor of your choice for a check-up at the hospital.