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Types of Mesothelioma

Types of Mesothelioma

Mesothelioma is a type of cancer and affects mesothelioma, the connective tissue of the body. The cause of the disease is unknown, but the condition is usually associated with asbestos or exposure to asbestos.

Exposure to asbestos or asbestos can occur because the material is crushed and fine fibers or dust are created. The results of these fractions breathe easily, and then penetrate the organs of the body, especially the lungs. In addition, when ingested, the lymphatic system can move, settle, and then infect cells in the lining of the abdominal cavity. Exposure to asbestos can also affect reproductive organs and heart function.

In addition to exposure to asbestos, there are a number of factors that increase the risk of attack, albeit rare, such as exposure to the mineral erionite. In general, there are several factors that increase your risk of developing the disease, including:

Working in asbestos-exposed environments such as construction sites, mineral mines, the automotive industry and steel mills.

Living in an old building or residential area with asbestos in the floor.

There are family members who work in an environment that is prone to asbestos exposure because rubbish or dust adheres to skin or clothing and can be carried into the house.

Have a history of mesothelioma or genetic disorders that increase your risk of developing cancer.

Symptoms and types of mesothelioma

The disease is recognized late because symptoms develop slowly. Usually the symptoms of this disease appear 20-30 years later. In the first few days, a person does not experience any signs of the disease, but over time, cancer cells grow and affect other organs, causing symptoms.

Symptoms that appear as symptoms of this disease can vary from person to person. The symptoms of mesothelioma depend on the location and presence of cancer cells. In addition, the symptoms of mesothelioma are not specific and can occur due to other similar conditions. Therefore, it is important that you get examined immediately if you notice the symptoms that are displayed.

Basically, mesothelioma cancer is divided into 4 types, namely:

Mesothelioma Plera

This type of mesothelioma invades the lining of the lungs, also known as the pleura. Of all types of mesothelioma cancer, this type of disease is the most common.

Peritoneal mesothelioma

As mentioned earlier, mesothelioma cancer attacks the membranes that protect the organs of the body so it can appear anywhere. Mesothelioma can attack the lining of the abdominal cavity and is called peritoneal mesothelioma.

Pericardial mesothelioma

The disease can also affect the membranes that protect the heart. Pericardial mesothelioma is a type of cancer that occurs in the lining of the heart.

Testicular mesothelioma

The disease also occurs in the proximal region or in the reproductive organs and is known as testicular mesothelioma. Testicular mesothelioma attacks the lining of the testicle or testicles.

Several test methods are usually used to diagnose the disease. The basic types of tests that can be done to diagnose the disease are x-rays, CT scans, MRIs, and positron emission tomography (PET).

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